Alphonse Gabriel „Al“ Capone (in englischer Aussprache kə'pəʊn, italienisch Alfonso Capone; * Januar in Brooklyn, New York City; † Januar in Palm Island, Florida) war ein US-amerikanischer Mobster und Capone kontrollierte als Boss des „Chicago Outfit“ die Chicagoer Unterwelt und machte seine. Entdecken Sie Mafia - Die Paten von Chicago [2 DVDs] und weitere TV-Serien auf DVD- & Blu-ray in unserem vielfältigen Angebot. Gratis Lieferung möglich. Die ganze Stadt Chicago ist von der Mafia auf verschiedene Gebiete aufgeteilt worden. Ihr seid eine junge, ambitionierte Bande und verkauft illegal Alkohol in.
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This involved threatening residents with violence unless money was paid. Extortion letters were stamped with a hand in ink, hence the name.
Many Black Hands worked independently, but some joined forces, forming organized criminal syndicates. But the Chicago Outfit truly came into its own in the s.
Prohibition took effect in , but Chicago, like other cities, simply sent its liquor underground. Torrio urged his boss to go into the booze business, but Colosimo refused.
To remove this impediment, Torrio had Colosimo killed. Before Prohibition, the Outfit had focused on gambling and prostitution. Now that bootlegging had joined the repertoire, frequent bouts of murder followed.
His death resulted in all-out urban warfare. Follow us. Previous Article Giuseppe Violi sentenced but questions surrounding the current relationship between the Canadian and American Mafia remain.
October 14, From the s thru the early s, the Outfit had a staggering membership of approximately , made men and over , associates all around America and even around the world.
In Chicago, the Outfits membership was an estimated 6, soldiers and 20, associates For eight decades, The Chicago Outfit remains the largest and most powerful organized crime syndicate in America.
The early years of organized crime in Chicago, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, were marked by the division of various street gangs controlling the South Side and North Side, as well as the Black Hand organizations of Little Italy.
Big Jim Colosimo centralized control in the early 20th century. Colosimo was born in Calabria, Italy, in , immigrated to Chicago in , where he established himself as a criminal.
By , with the help of bringing Johnny Torrio from New York to Chicago, he was successful enough that he was encroaching on the criminal activity of the Black Hand organization.
Since its founding, the Chicago Outfit has been operating in order to keep and expand its status and profit throughout the Chicago area among others.
During the Prohibition era, its leader at that time Al Capone competed with other gangsters like George "Bugs" Moran for the bootlegging business and as well as other rivalries.
Because of this there appears to be a business and personal rivalry between the Northside North Side Mob and Southside Chicago gangs of which Al Capone was the southern and George Moran was the northern.
There also appears to be cultural differences between the two sides since the northsider was more Irish-American and the southsider was more Italian-American.
This conflict lead to numerous crimes such as the St. Valentine's Day Massacre and numerous drive-by shootings resulting in the death of George Moran's associates and others on both sides.
The Thompson machine gun played a significant role in these. In the early s, a handful of top Outfit leaders went to prison because they were found to be extorting Hollywood by controlling the unions that comprise Hollywood's movie industry.
There were also allegations that The Outfit was involved in strong-arm tactics and voter fraud at polling places, under Salvatore Giancana in the presidential election.
In exchange for their help, the Outfit would be given access to their former casinos if they helped overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro Operation Mongoose or Operation Family Jewels.
Having failed in that endeavor, and facing increasing indictments under the Kennedy administration, Mafia bosses Sam Giancana , Carlos Marcello and Santo Trafficante, Jr.
Kennedy , as well as the assassination of his brother Robert Kennedy. The early years of organized crime in Chicago in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was marked by the division of various street gangs controlling the South Side and North Side as well as the Black Hand organizations of Little Italy.
James Colosimo centralized control in the early 20th century. Colosimo was born in Calabria, Italy, in , emigrating to Chicago in , where he established himself as a criminal.
By he was successful enough that he was encroaching on the criminal activity of the Black Hand organization. His expanding organization required the procurement of extra muscle.
In time, Colosimo and Torrio had a falling out over Torrio's insistence that they expand into rum-running, which Colosimo staunchly opposed.
In , Torrio arranged for Frankie Yale to kill Colosimo, ending the argument. Torrio brought together the different parts of Chicago criminal activity, with a lasting effect on Chicago in general, and Chicago crime in particular.
Severely injured in an assassination attempt by the North Side Mob in January , the shaken Torrio returned to Italy and handed over control of the entire empire to Capone.
Capone was notorious during Prohibition for his control of the Chicago underworld and his bitter rivalries with gangsters such as George "Bugs" Moran and Hymie Weiss.
For years, Capone was literally untouchable and virtually invincible due to paying off almost all of the politicians, law enforcement and government officials in Chicago, and during his regime, Capone ruled Chicago with an iron fist, and controlled the entire city.
Capone ruled thru viciousness, ferocity, brute force, intimidation and fear. He ordered bombings and public executions to create a large atmosphere of fear and terror that way he can maintain control of the city and his organization.
Capone was widely notorious for killing anyone who crossed him or threatened his reign. For over seven years, Capone was the most powerful, notorious and feared crime lord in the world, as well as the richest crime lord in the world.
During his years as boss of the Chicago Outfit. Capone became the most famous man in the world, and the most famous gangster of all time. In , Nitti was also convicted of tax evasion and sent to prison, however, Nitti received an month sentence.
Over the next decade, The Outfit moved into labor racketeering, gambling, and loan sharking. Geographically, this was the period when Outfit muscle extended to Milwaukee and Madison, Wisconsin, Kansas City, and especially to Hollywood and other California cities, where The Outfit's extortion of labor unions gave it leverage over the motion picture industry.
In the early s, a handful of top Outfit leaders went to prison because they were found to be extorting Hollywood by controlling the unions that compose Hollywood's movie industry, and manipulating and misusing the Teamsters Central States Pension fund.
Ricca wanted Nitti to take the fall. Through the "magic" of political connections, the whole group of Outfit mobsters was released after three years, largely due to the efforts of Outfit "fixer" Murray "The Camel" Humphreys.
Ricca could not associate with mobsters as a condition of his parole. Accardo nominally took power as boss, but actually shared power with Ricca, who continued behind the scenes as a senior consultant—one of the few instances of shared power in organized crime.
Accardo joined Ricca in semi-retirement in due to some " heat " that he was getting from the IRS. Most of the front bosses originated from the Forty-Two Gang.
However, no major business transactions took place without Ricca and Accardo's knowledge and approval, and certainly no " hits. Ricca died in , leaving Accardo as the sole power behind the scenes.
Along with the voting allegations, the Outfit was involved in a Central Intelligence Agency —Mafia collusion during Castro's overthrow of the Cuban government.
In exchange for its help, the Outfit was to be given access to its former casinos if it helped overthrow Fidel Castro in Operation Mongoose or Operation Family Jewels.
Kennedy JFK. The Outfit reached the height of its power in the early s. Accardo used the Teamsters pension fund, with the aid of Meyer Lansky , Sidney Korshak , and Jimmy Hoffa , to engage in massive money laundering through the Outfit's casinos.
The s and s were a hard time for the Outfit, as law enforcement continued to penetrate the organization, spurred by poll-watching politicians.
Off-track betting reduced bookmaking profits, and illicit casinos withered under competition from legitimate casinos.
Activities such as auto theft and professional sports betting did not replace the lost profits. The Outfit controlled casinos in Las Vegas and " skimmed " millions of dollars over the course of several decades.
Most recently, top mob figures have been found guilty of crimes dating back to as early as the mids. Allen Dorfman , a key figure in the Outfit's money embezzlement operations, was investigated by the Department of Justice.
In , the FBI wire-tapped Dorfman's personal and company phone lines and was able to gather the evidence needed to convict Dorfman and several of his associates on attempts to bribe a state senator to get rid of the trucking industry rates.
If Dorfman succeeded, the Outfit would have seen a huge gain of profit. This was known as Operation Pendorf and was a huge blow to the Chicago crime syndicate.
Pat Marcy , a made man in the Outfit, ran the city's First Ward , which represented most of downtown Chicago. Together, the First Ward fixed cases involving everything from minor traffic violations to murder.
Attorney and First Ward associate Robert Cooley was one of the lawyers who represented many mafiosi and associates in which cases were fixed.
As a trusted man within the First Ward, Cooley was asked to "take out" a city police officer. Cooley was also an addicted gambler and in debt, so he approached the U.
Cooley was soon in touch with the FBI and began cooperating as a federal informant. Through the years, he maintained close ties to Marcy and the big shots of the First Ward.
He wore an electronic surveillance device, recording valuable conversations at the notorious "First Ward Table", located at "Counselor's Row" across the street from Chicago City Hall.
The results in Operation Gambat Gambling Attorney were convictions of 24 corrupt judges, lawyers, and cops.
Accardo died in Chicago's transition from Accardo to the next generation of Outfit bosses has been more of an administrative change than a power struggle, distinct from the way that organized crime leadership transitions take place in New York City.
Higher law enforcement investigations and general attrition led to the Outfit's gradual decline since the late 20th century. LaPietra "The Hook", who was the main Council at the time of his death in On April 25, , the U.
The federal prosecutors were Mitchell A. Mars, T. Markus Funk , and John Scully. As of , the Outfit's size is estimated to be 28 official members composing its core group and more than associates.
The street boss is a high-ranking member appointed to run the outfit's daily activities for the boss. The position was created to protect the boss from federal investigations.
The Outfit is notable for having had other ethnic groups besides Italians as high-ranking associates since the family's earliest days. A prime example of this was Jake "Greasy Thumb" Guzik , who was the top "bagman" and "accountant" for decades until his death.
He was a Polish Jew. Siegel was a childhood friend of Capone. The Chicago Outfit has a long history of portrayal in Hollywood as the subject of film and television.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An Italian-American organized crime syndicate based in Chicago, Illinois.
For other uses, see Chicago Syndicate. The Untouchables — The F. Retrieved March 25, Archived from the original on February 21, Archived from the original on December 16, Retrieved January 29, Mill City Press Inc.
Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on October 7, Retrieved July 26, August 8, Retrieved December 4, The Chicago Outfit.